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The Science of Injury and Injury Prevention

An injury is a harmful event in which a transfer of energy results in tissue damage [1].


examples include:


  • falls

  • motor vehicle collisions

  • assault with and without weapons

  • environmental injuries such as drowning

The energy is most commonly in the form of mechanical energy such as in the preceding examples, but can also take the form of thermal or electrical energy in the case of thermal or electrical burns.

Mechanical devices involved in energy transmission, such as a car or weapon, are referred to as vectors [2].


1. Martinez, R. (1990). "Injury Control: A Primer for Physicians." Annals of Emergency Medicine. 19(1): 72-7.

2. Hargarten, J.W.R.a.S.W. (2002). Principles of the Disease of Injury. Rosen's Emergency Medicine. J.A. Marx. St. Louis, Missouri, Mosby Inc. 1:821-828.

All references for this section