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Cervical Cancer Screening

  • In the year 2000, 1450 Canadian women were diagnosed with cervical cancer, and 430 women died from this disease.[1]

  • Worldwide, cervical cancer is the third leading cause of cancer in women and 80% of cervical cancer deaths occur in developing countries.[2]

  • In developed countries, screening for cervical cancer with regular Pap tests has been instrumental in reducing morbidity and mortality.[1]

  • When cervical cancer becomes symptomatic, the 5 year survival is 10%, whereas the 5 year survival for cancer detected by screening is 90%.[1]

  • The major risk factor for invasive disease is a lack of regular screening, and over 50% of women diagnosed with invasive cancer have never had a Pap test.[3]


1. Maxwell, CJ, Bancej, CM, Snider, J, Vik, SA. Factors important in promoting cervical cancer screening in Canadian women. Canadian Journal of Public Health 2001;92:127-133.

2. Parikh, S, Brennan, P, Boffetta, P. Meta-analysis of social inequality and the risk of cervical cancer. International Journal of Cancer 2003;105:687-691.

3. Lockwood-Rayerman, S. Characteristics of participation in cervical cancer screening. Cancer Nursing 2004;27:353-363.

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