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An International Perspective 

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These determinants of health are not only important for the health of Canadians, but are key to understanding global health. Consider the following:

  • Approximately 1.2 million people worldwide are killed in road crashes each year and 50 million are injured.Low and middle-income countries account for 85% of the world’s road deaths.[4]

  • There are about 13 million people classified as refugees worldwide. Refugees settled in Western countries could be about ten times more likely to have post-traumatic stress disorder than the general population.[3]

  • In Sub-Saharan Africa, only 57% of the population have access to an improved water source.[5]

For more information, visit the website of the WHO’s Commission on the Social Determinants of Health




3. Fazel M, Wheeler J, Danesh J. Prevalence of serious mental disorder in 7000 refugees resettled in western countries: a systematic review. The Lancet 2005;365:1309-14.

4. World Health Organization. The World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention. 2004. Geneva, World Health Organization.

5. Human Development Report 2004. 2004. New York, United Nations Development Programme.

All references for this section