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What are the Health Consequences of Food Insecurity?

Although it is difficult to separate the health effects of food insecurity from the effects of poverty more generally, data from the 1996-1997 National Population Health Survey showed that individuals from food insecure households were more likely to report poor or fair self-rated health, poor functional health, restricted activity, multiple chronic conditions and major depression. In addition, individuals in food insecure households have poorer dietary intakes than those in food secure households, and women using food banks have a high prevalence of diets inadequate in many nutrients including protein, folate and iron. Individuals experiencing food insecurity may also find it more difficult to manage medical conditions that require dietary interventions.