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Food Security


Have you ever heard the term food security?

What does it mean to you?

"Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life." [2][5]

The Two Dimensions of Food Security:

  1. Individual and Household Food Security

    The ability of individuals to reliably access food is also known as individual and household food security, and focuses on income, recognizing that food is one manifestation of income insecurity

  2. Community Food Security

    “Community food security exists when all community residents obtain a safe, culturally acceptable, nutritionally adequate diet through a sustainable food system that maximizes community self-reliance and social justice“ [3] 




operates at

known as

access to food


issues related to poverty, social infrastructure, power, & social justice

 household and individual levels

  individual & household food security

production and supply of food


issues related to developing an environmentally sustainable food system

power re: industrial agriculture/food system

community, regional, national and international levels

 community food security



2. Canada’s Action Plan for Food Security: A response to the World Food Summit. Ottawa: Agriculture and Agri-food Canada; 1998.

3. Hamm MW and Bellows AC. Community Food Security and Nutrition Educators., Journal of Nutrition Education 2003; Vol. 35 #1:37-43

5. This section on food security is taken from the work of Elaine Power, PhD, Queen's University, to whom we are grateful.

All references for this section