Poor youth are more likely to reside in neighborhoods characterized by adverse physical and social environments and less likely to take advantage of outside social, recreational, and skill development activities than are non-poor youth. Lack of economic resources likely constrains parents’ residential choices and their ability to pay for fees and related materials required for youth to participate in neighbourhood and school organizations or activities. 
The home or family environment is a central influence on emotional as well as cognitive and behavioural development , and it remains an important influence into adolescence . Instability in the family environment causes acute stress for a child and may challenge a child’s sense of security and ability to cope with changes later in life. Given that normal adolescent development is characterized by dramatic changes in physical development, social relations, identity, sexuality and behaviour, high levels of family instability might be related to increased difficulty negotiating these transitions and to poorer adolescent outcomes across a variety of developmental domains .
2. Vernberg, E. M. (1990). Psychological adjustment and experiences with peers during early adolescence: Reciprocal, incidental, or unidirectional relationships. J. Abnorm. Child Psychol. 18: 187-198.