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1. An aggressive and negative attitude towards, for example, a particular social group. Thus, racism can be described as a form of prejudice, in so far as it is predisposed to judge a designated racial group as being inferior (cf. stereotype). Other attitudes may be regarded as embodying prejudice: attitudes toward women, for instance. The issue of how prejudice functions, of its relationship both to systems of representation (whereby stereotypical images are disseminated through the media) and questions of power, have been raised.

    2. A term employed within the hermeneutics of H. G. Gadamer. According to Gadamer, “prejudice” is a precondition of an act of interpretation, and consists of the pre-suppositions which any interpreter brings to bear as a necessary precondition of achieving an understanding of a text.