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At the end of this section you will be able to:

  • describe the multifactorial origin of depressive disorders.

  • list/define the risk factors for depression.

  • describe the influence of the following on the development of depression:

    • female physiology

    • menopause

    • psychological theories

    • poverty/low income status

    • sexual discrimination

    • gendered violence (childhood, domestic, sexual abuse)

    • domestic gender roles

    • substance abuse

    • culture