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General Symptoms

Pulmonary edema

 Fluid leaks in the lungs due to an imbalance in pump function between the right and left sides of the heart. Fluid leaks from the pulmonary capillaries into alveoli of the lungs.


Peripheral edema

 Tissues and organs in the lower extermities of the body swell with fluid as the heart loses the ability to remove the fluid from those areas of the body



 The shortness of breath that results from the build-up of fluid in the lungs

Chest pain

 Results from an overworked heart muscle

Weight gain

 Results from the excess fluid retained by the body (peripheral edema)

Lack of appetite


Swollen neck veins

 Results from the pressure built up in the venous system when the right side of the heart is failing




 Can be related to metabolic abnormalities including hyponatremia


Short attention span



 Related to decreased blood flow to the digestive system


Abdominal pain



 The heart is unable to supply the body with the oxygen and nutrients it needs to function normally



 Fluid in the lungs triggers the coughing reflex


 The lifestyle changes inherent in heart failure and heart failure treatment can be difficult for people to accept