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Objectives

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At the end of this section, you will be able to:

  • describe the benefit that self management programs can have on patients and the health care system

  • identify the key components that should be included in all self management programs

  • design self management programs that are sensitive to the needs of different genders

Self Management (I)

Self-management programs are designed to allow patients to monitor and maintain their health, with minimal professional intervention. Numerous studies have proven the effectiveness of well-designed programs, showing them capable of dramatically improving patient’s health, and saving health care dollars.

Patients must be made to feel empowered. They must truly believe that they have the ability to make positive changes in their lives and pave the road to their own recovery. Many studies have been done that show the net benefits that result from multidisciplinary teams that work as a synergistic group, intervening at key moments in the recovery process, emphasizing and guiding the self-management process.

1.

What items would you include in a basic self-management program for a heart failure patient?

2.

What kinds of educational tools would you include in a general self-management program for heart failure patients?

3.

What types of professional health care workers would you include in the designing of a self management program?