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Heart Failure is a Global Problem

  • In Africa 3-7% of hospital admissions are due to heart failure [14]

  • In South America 4% of people over 65 have heart failure with similar prevalence rates seen in Arab countries [15]

Increasing industrialization and urbanization in developing countries is leading to [16]:

  • Increased lifespan

  • Change in diet - more salt, fat

  • Change in activity level - less exercise

  • Smoking

All of which lead to increased HF prevalence

 

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14. Oyoo GO, Ogola EN. Clinical and socio demographic aspects of congestive heart failure patients at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. East Afr Med J. 1999;76:23-27.

15. Agarwal AK, Venugopalan P, de Bono D. Prevalence and aetiology of heart failure in an Arab population. Eur J Heart Failure. 2001;3:301-305

16. Yusuf S, Reddy S, Ounpuu S, et al. Gloval burden of cardiovascular diseases. Part I: general considerations, the epidemiologic transition, risk factors, and impact of urbanization. Circulation. 2001;104:2746-53.

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