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Heart Failure is a Global Problem

  • In Africa 3-7% of hospital admissions are due to heart failure [14]

  • In South America 4% of people over 65 have heart failure with similar prevalence rates seen in Arab countries [15]

Increasing industrialization and urbanization in developing countries is leading to [16]:

  • Increased lifespan

  • Change in diet - more salt, fat

  • Change in activity level - less exercise

  • Smoking

All of which lead to increased HF prevalence



14. Oyoo GO, Ogola EN. Clinical and socio demographic aspects of congestive heart failure patients at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. East Afr Med J. 1999;76:23-27.

15. Agarwal AK, Venugopalan P, de Bono D. Prevalence and aetiology of heart failure in an Arab population. Eur J Heart Failure. 2001;3:301-305

16. Yusuf S, Reddy S, Ounpuu S, et al. Gloval burden of cardiovascular diseases. Part I: general considerations, the epidemiologic transition, risk factors, and impact of urbanization. Circulation. 2001;104:2746-53.

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