Site Home   Gender and Heart Failure       Introduction to Gender and Health   The Gender Lens Tool

Prevalence of Heart Failure in Canada



Gender Specific Facts

  • Women have a unique risk factor profile and different clinical manifestations of heart failure than men 

  • Gender has been shown to be an important determinant in hospital length of stay, hospital charges, and mortality [6]

  • The five year mortality rate of CHF sufferers is 60% in men and 45% in women [3]

  • The median post diagnosis survival time is 3.2 years for men and 5.4 years for women [3]

  • African American males are 1.5 times more likely to die from CHF than white males [3]

  • Less than 15% of women survive more than 8-12 years after being diagnosed with HF [21]

  • The mean length of hospital stay is greater for women than men

  • Over the past 20 years the incidence of heart has risen 9% in women and 6% in men [4]



3. Grossman S, Brown David FM. Congestive Heart Failure and Pulmonary Edema -

4. Lloyd-Jones DM. Lifetime risk for developing congestive heart failure: The Framingham Heart Study. Circulation. 2002 106;24:3068-3072.

6. Philbin EF, DiSalvo TG. Influence of race and gender on care process,resource use, and outcomes in congestive heart failure. Am J Cardiol. 1998;82:76-81

21. Jessup, M. and Pina, I. L. Is it important to examine gender differences in the epidemiology and outcome of severe heart failure? The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 2004;127:5 1247-52

All references for this section