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1.Women who suffer from Congestive Heart Failure make less improvement in their physical health when hospitalized than men.
True     False
2.Over the last 50 years, the incidence of heart failure has decreased in men, but not in women.
True     False
3.Heart failure is the only cardiovascular condition that is increasing in incidence, prevalence, morbidity and mortality.
True     False
4.Male heart failure patients tend to live longer than female patients.
True     False
5.Women are significantly under-represented in heart failure research
True     False
References for this Activity
1. Levy D, Kenchaiah S, Larson MG, et al. Long-term trends in the incidence of and survival with heart failure. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:1397-402
2. Funk M, Krumholz H. Epidemiologic and economic impact of advanced heart failure. J Cardiovasc Nurs 1996;10:1-10
3. Chin, MH, GOldman L. Gender differences in 1-year survival and quality of life amoung patients admitted with congestive heart failure. Med Care. 1998;36:1033-46.


Heart Failure Facts

  • 400,000 Canadians suffer from HF, with 50,000 new cases presenting every year

  • There are 5 million people suffering from CHF in the US alone, with 550,000 new cases every year

  • People 40 and over have a 20% chance of developing CHF [2]

  • CHF prevalence increases with age [1]

  • Over the past decade HF admissions have increased 159% [21]

  • 80% of men and 70% of women younger than 65 years who have HF die wihtin 8 years of diagnosis [19][20]



1. emedecine Consumer Health -

2. American Heart association -

19. American Heart Association. Heart and Stroke Statistical Update. Dallas, Tex: American Heart Association; 2002.

20. Riedinger M, Dracup K, Brecht ML. Quality of life in women with heart failure, normative groups, and patients with other chronic conditions. Am J Crit Care. 2002;11(3):211-219.

21. Jessup, M. and Pina, I. L. Is it important to examine gender differences in the epidemiology and outcome of severe heart failure? The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 2004;127:5 1247-52

All references for this section