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In one survey, heart failure patients were asked about the effect fatigue had on their lives [9]. For clarification purposes, fatigue was defined as:

A subjective, unpleasant symptom, which incorporates total body feelings ranging from tiredness to exhaustion creating an unrelenting overall condition, which interferes with individuals ability to function to their normal capacity.

The study was attempting to describe, and compare the ways in which men and women experience fatigue, and how it impacts their lives. Both genders said that to them, fatigue made them feel feeble, listless and that they required rest. Men often stated that it stopped them from doing physical activities, such as chores around the house. In order to cope with fatigue, both genders slept, or rested. Some patients, men more-so than women, used distraction as a method of dealing with the fatigue.

Studies show that women often feel a sense of anxiety, guilt, or stress because of the dependence on others that fatigue can demand [9][3][14]



3. Martensson J, Karlsson J-E, Fridlund B.Female patients with congestive heart failure: how they conceive their life situation. J Adv Nurs 1998;28:1216 –24.

9. Ekman I, Ehrenberg A. Fatigue in chronic heart failure - does gender make a difference. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 1. 2002:77-82.

14. Martensson J, Karlsson J-E, Fridlund B.Male patients with congestive heart failure and their conceptions of the life situation.J Adv Nurs 1997;2:579 –86.

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