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Etiology Internationally

 

 

 Country

 Etiology

 China and Hong Kong

 Hypertension [6]

 Sub-Saharan Africa

 Rheumatic heart disease and Hypertension

 South America

 Coronary artery disease and Chaga’s disease

 Western Countries

 Coronary heart disease

 

 

While basic HF medications are essentially available world-wide; other treatments, such as implanted ventricular assist devices, or heart transplants are only an option for the rich minority.

 

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6. Oyoo GO, Ogola EN. Clinical and socio demographic aspects of congestive heart failure patients at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. East Afr Med J. 1999;76:23-7.

All references for this section